Bush Bean Plant Information
Bush beans grow as little, 2-foot tall crops, unlike the climbing pole varieties. The shorter plants do not produce up to pole types but they also don’t expect a support and will not shade other plants in a little garden. Bush bean varieties include “Roma II,” “Contender,” “Blue Lagoon,” as well as bush types of pole bean types like “Kentucky Wonder” and “Blue Lake.”
Bush beans require soil temperatures above 60 degrees Fahrenheit to germinate and develop. They grow best in a well-drained garden bed with a pH level of between 6.0 and 7.0 that receives at least six hours of sunlight per day. Adding compost to the site before planting enhances moisture retention and soil nutrition, which leads to healthier and more productive plants. Bush bean varieties demand a 6-inch-square space per plant. The close spacing allows you to develop several plants in a little bed.
Most bush bean varieties require about 40 days to make harvestable pods. Sow seeds directly in the garden bed. Plant each seed 1 inch deep and space them six inches apart in all directions. The seeds will not germinate in deep soil, so water the region regularly to keep it moist. Bush beans do not compete well with weeds, so keep the bed nicely versed in the time of planting until the end of the growing season.
Moisture and Nutrients
The shallow roots of a bush bean plant do not dig deeply in search of humidity, so continue regular watering through the growing season. Supply approximately 1 inch of water every time, and water a couple of times weekly, depending on how quickly the soil dries out. The main nutrient for crops is nitrogen, which bush beans can create in the dirt in their own should you buy treated seed or coat the seed with a nitrogen inoculant before planting. Instead, apply a 1 inch layer of compost over the ground when the plants begin flowering to boost nutrition for the rest of the growing season.
Care and Harvest
Aside from watering, bush beans require minimal care because the plants do not require staking such as the pole varieties. Draw any weeds that invade the bed immediately. Harvest mature pods as soon as they reach a usable dimensions, which will encourage additional pod production. Most bush beans have been grown as green snap beans, though some dried bean types are also available in bush form. Harvest snap beans once the pods are still green and tender and before the seeds begin to swell. Harvest dry bean sorts only after the seeds completely form and the pods become fragile and brittle.